All about RADIATION:
Please do not
leave our children and grandchildren a radioactive legacy in remembrance of
|Join the team
working to avoid construction of two, maybe four, proposed Bellefonte,
AL nuclear reactors, the addition of a second reactor at Watts Bar,
TVA to adopt more sustainable energy options.
Blend your voice with BEST
to have your concerns heard. Assure that these units are not
If you live within the circle at right -->
you're within 50 miles of Bellefonte
Who are BREDL & BEST?
Ridge Environmental Defense League
(BREDL) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit, regional,
community-based, environmental organization. Their founding principles
are earth stewardship, environmental democracy, social justice, and
Under the BREDL banner, thousands of concerned citizens have made
their mark for environmental justice. Local BREDL chapters have
raised public awareness and have won numerous battles against
environmentally damaging projects and proposals throughout the
southeast, ranging from landfill expansion, high & low-level nuclear
dumps, corporate hog farms, four-lane highways, and clear-cut logging
in our national forests.
BREDL has chapters in North Carolina,
South Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Tennessee and Alabama.
Citizens concerned with TVA's
proposed re-start of the 1970's Bellefonte Nuclear Reactor, joined BREDL and formed
BEST, Bellefonte Efficiency & Sustainability
With the support of BREDL plus other regional and national groups and
experts, BEST will represent the concerns of people who wish to say
NO! to these nuclear reactors. Your BEST membership is important. The
more people BEST represents, the stronger our voice. Yes! Please join
together with BEST because building more nuclear units at Bellefonte
is not the answer for our future.
BEST/BREDL/SACE File Lawsuit Against TVA
Nuclear Plant in AL
June 6, 2009 -- Citizens groups announced their legal challenge to
stop the proposed Bellefonte nuclear power plant. The groups filed a
lawsuit which lists 19 major arguments against nuclear power at a
proposed TVA site near Scottsboro, AL.
The 176-page petition to the U.S.
Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) detailed serious concerns: the
emission of radioactive air and water pollution during routine
operations and negative impacts on human health, the effects of hot
water discharges Tennessee River's fish and other wildlife, the large
number of sinkholes and caves near the Bellefonte site indicating
unstable terrain, the unsolved problems of nuclear waste, the
uncertainties about uranium fuel supply and the potential for
Recent droughts in the Tennessee Valley have called into question
TVA's ability to produce electricity while safeguarding water supply.
"We are incredibly concerned about the impacts two more nuclear
reactors could have on the Tennessee River, which is already
stressed," said Sara Barczak, safe energy director with Southern
Alliance for Clean Energy, partnering organization in the
intervention. "More reactors mean more water will be wasted along with
ratepayer and taxpayer dollars." The petition is posted at
How BEST to SUPPORT:
live within a 50-mile radius and/or are concerned about the proposed
Bellefonte AL nuclear reactors, please contact
for connection to the local BEST group, and
consider becoming an official BEST member by joining BREDL.
BEST conduct regular meetings and plans numerous actions in the upcoming
year. Your energy is needed to encourage others
(including TVA) to take the sustainable path.
How to JOIN:
All donations are tax deductible.
$20 recommended, however any
for membership accepted. Make checks
payable to BREDL/BEST and mail to
BREDL, P.O. Box 88,
Glendale Springs, NC 28629.
For More Info:
BREDL web: www.bredl.org
The cost of one 1200 mega watt Westinghouse Nuclear
Reactor at Bellefonte is estimated to cost between $8 and 12 billion
dollars. Exact costs are unknown as the TVA, Tennessee Valley
Authority, refuses to release cost information, even though these have
been requested through the Freedom of Information Act, FOIA. TVA is claiming a
commercial proprietary privilege. However, this link lists costs as high as $12 billion per reactor,
that's $24 billion dollars for two Westinghouse AP1000 Radioactive Nuclear
What would YOU do with $82,000?
That is the amount TVA has spent on every man woman and child (55,000
residents) in Jackson County Alabama without generating 1 kilowatt of
electric power at the Bellefonte Nuclear Power Plant $inkhole. Total amount: $4.5 billion dollars without producing 1 watt.
2) ACTUAL SINKHOLES NEARBY,
POROUS LIMESTONE, and
EARTHQUAKE FAULT LINE
You will notice on the right side of the above picture the
two proposed AP1000 radioactive nuclear reactors. The proposed radiation
producing plants are to be located dangerously close to large sinkholes.
The entire nuclear site
is located over porous limestone rock
which contains caves and sinkholes, this terrain is called Karst
Terrain. The Sequatchie fault line, earthquake zone, is located
approximately 1 mile west of this radiation-producing site.
3) WATER $INKHOLE
Tennessee, Georgia and Alabama faced
a devastating drought in 2007-2008. During this time, Lake Lanier, just
outside of Atlanta
nearly drained dry for
Atlanta's water needs; Georgia
sued TN to move the state line, seeking access to the Tennessee
River; and Georgia was involved in water lawsuits with Florida and other states.
Lake Lanier Drought 2007-2008
Nuclear Reactors threaten our water supply.
All reactors must be located next to
large bodies of water to create steam to power the turbines and to
continuously cool the fuel rods in the reactor core to prevent meltdown.
Plant Hatch, along the Altamaha River in Georgia withdraws 60 million
gallons of water per day, returning less than one half, some radioactive,
and most very hot, to the water where the plant is situated. Thirty plus
million gallons leave the area every day in thermal plumes called the
"thermal discharge." This leaves the river and area stressed, and with much
less water. The plumes also affect the surrounding environment.
4) Private Business & Insurance Won't Pay = can
we afford radioactive power?
Nuclear reactors are
very expensive and the financial
risks are extremely high. Private financial institutions will not build
these risky radiation producing power plants; they rely on the
taxpayers (U.S. Government) to provide insurance and/or funds for
nuclear's radiation-producing reactors:
The Better Business Bureau (BBB) said advertising which says nuclear energy
is "environmentally clean" is inaccurate. The decision by the BBB concluded
that nuclear plants cause thermal water pollution and that production of
nuclear fuel causes air pollution. BBB told the nuclear industry to stop
making such claims.
5) 30,000-YEAR RADIOACTIVE
(also a huge DANGER)
One radioactive nuclear reactor contains 100 tons of
radioactive uranium pellets which are placed in the core of a 1000 mega
watt nuclear reactor for its operation. The amount of long-life
radioactive material in a 1000 mega watt nuclear power plant is equivalent
to the explosion of 1000 Hiroshima sized bombs. (Reference: "Nuclear Power
Is Not The Answer" pg 53-54 by Helen Caldicott, New Press)
Radioactive spent fuel (nuclear waste) is dangerous and remains
radioactive for thousands of years. Exposure to any unshielded radioactive
spent fuel could result in instant death. More reactors would mean more
radioactive nuclear waste. We still do not have a safe place to store this
waste, so right now it is piling up next to reactors. Even if the U.S.
could ever decide on a permanent storage site for the radioactive waste,
getting it there would require trains loaded with radioactive waste
traveling through cities across the United State. One train derailment
could place millions of lives at risk. One terrorist attack on such a
train could kill millions...
France is the biggest user of nuclear power in the world and still has not
found a way to deal with all of its waste. Its own government admits it is
dumping radioactive nuclear waste in the ocean. Even the newest reactors
in France have proven unsafe - last summer radioactive uranium waste
leaked from a French nuclear plant into nearby water supplies and the
government had to shut down access to two French rivers.
Nuclear plants create millions of tons of radioactive waste, some
potentially leaching into the environment. The rest of the radioactive
waste requires storage until no longer radioactive (estimated at 30,000
years). Often that storage is in containers lasting only 100 years,
and at every stage, potential for harmful environmental impact. The great
Clean Energy solutions below would be more than competitive and all could
be completed long before Bellefonte
proposed completion in 2021.
1) TVA SPILL ACCIDENT,
Kingston Coal Ash Spill
executive director for the Southern Alliance
for Clean Energy says, "There is no room
in running a nuclear plant."
A 1982 Congressional report estimated
that if a meltdown occurred at the Sequoyah nuclear plant near Chattanooga,
it could cause up to 29,000 immediate deaths.
2) poor engineering & design
flaws at TVA Radioactive
Chattanooga TN, AP Nov. 12, 2009 -
The Tennessee Valley Authority's
Browns Ferry Nuclear Plant in north Alabama has a fire response problem that
could lead to a Nuclear Regulatory Commission civil penalty.
In a letter to TVA, the
NRC said inspectors this year found that the plant near Athens, Ala.,
potentially violated four safety standards, the Chattanooga Times Free
Press reported Thursday (Nov. 12, 2009)...Nuclear critics said the lingering
fire safety violations raise questions about the way TVA operates its oldest
Edwin Lyman, senior scientist for the Union of Concerned Scientists, told
the newspaper that most of America's 103 reactors were designed before
the NRC adopted its current fire safety standards. He said most don't have
the desired cable separation and firewalls between parts of the plants.
"For a long time, the NRC was not issuing violations for fire safety issues.
But lately the commission seems more determined to enforce these rules,
which we believe is long overdue."
3) ??? MUTANT FISH ???
4) CANCER IN CHILDREN
Children living near nuclear facilities
face an increased risk of cancer
Global Research, April 24, 2008 New Scientist
AMONG the many
environmental concerns surrounding nuclear power plants, there is one that
provokes public anxiety like no other: the fear that children living near
nuclear facilities face an increased risk of cancer. Though a link has long
been suspected, it has never been proven. Now that seems likely to change.
Studies in the 1980s revealed increased incidences of childhood leukaemia
installations at Windscale (now Sellafield), Burghfield and Dounreay in the
UK. Later studies near German nuclear facilities found a similar effect. The
official response was that the radiation doses from the nearby plants were
too low to explain the increased leukaemia...
There the issue rested, until a recent flurry of epidemiological studies
appeared. Last year, researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina
in Charleston carried out a meta-analysis of 17 research papers covering 136
nuclear sites in the UK, Canada, France, the US, Germany, Japan and Spain.
The incidence of leukaemia in children under 9 living close to the sites
showed an increase of 14 to 21 percent, while death rates from the disease
were raised by 5 to 24thr percent, depending on their proximity to the nuclear
(European Journal of Cancer Care, vol 16, p 355).
This was followed by a German study which found 14 cases of leukaemia
compared to an expected four cases between 1990 and 2005 in children living
within 5 kilometres of the Krümmel nuclear plant near Hamburg, making it the
largest leukaemia cluster near a nuclear power plant anywhere in
the world (Environmental Health Perspectives, vol 115, p 941).
According to the normal statistical values, there should have been 48 cases
of cancer and 17 cases of leukemia within the above mentioned circle of 5 km
around the atomic power plants in Germany. However there were 77 cases of cancer (60%
more than expected) and 37 cases of leukemia (117% more than expected)...
Although Germany has already decided to phase out nuclear power plants by
2020, this study is now heating up the discussion whether the phase-out of
nuclearshould be accelerated.
hit New Orleans, we heard that National Geographic had featured the most
vulnerable U.S. locations in a 1998 issue, with level 4 or stronger
hurricane to New Orleans listed number one. Today was face the same
situation with potential terrorist attack of nuclear reactors, nuclear waste
storage or at almost unlimited locations with the transport of
nuclear waste across the country. Nuclear power reactors create
plutonium during their operating cycle - plutonium from which nuclear bombs
can be made. Plutonium is one of the most toxic man-made substances known,
with a radioactive life of more than 240,000 years.
Nuclear Power Invites Terrorism - FBI director Robert S. Mueller said, before the Select Committee on
Intelligence in the US Senate in Feb. 23005, "Another area we consider
target rich and vulnerable is the energy sector, particularly nuclear power
plants." Storing dangerous, highly radioactive spent nuclear fuel outside at
the reactors in casks or transporting it across the country presents an
inviting terrorist target and puts all affected communities at risk. Nuclear
power is the only form of energy that could cause millions of
deaths. Every nuclear plant stores radioactive waste, and trains or
transports carrying radioactive waste becomes terrorist targets. This is the
number one vulnerability in America right now.
Power plants suck up valuable dollars available for Sustainable Energy
New technology is on our doorstep and knocking to enter. These include:
& ENERGY EFFICIENCY...
money spent on Energy Efficiency has been proven to equal or
better money spent on new nuclear and coal power plants (without the
radioactive emissions, radioactive waste, coal ash ponds, climate
change pollutants, etc). TVA says that reductions in demand and energy
consumption could be achieved through four key action areas -- energy
efficiency programs, demand response, end-use generation and internal
reductions. TVA says they recognize the
to make a strong, long-term commitment to implement cost-effective
energy efficiency improvements along with a broad education
outreach effort on benefits and opportunities
for energy efficiency:
COMBINED CYCLE NATURAL
an easy to implement (right away) and
good answer for sustainable energy is Combined Cycle Natural Gas,
converting the abundant natural gas into electricity and providing a
temporary solution while other sustainable energy solutions are
developed. TVA studied conversion to Natural Gas Combined Cycle
(NGCC) Units, and this was TVA's preferred option, see Executive
The Natural Gas plant is much less expensive with considerably
fewer risks than radioactive nuclear reactors. And the Combined
Cycle Natural Gas plant costs are less than $900 million vs. $9-12
billion for similar energy output: www.allbusiness.com/energy-utilities/utilities-industry-electric-power/12609408-1.html
Largest Solar Power Plant Opens In FL... The
Desoto Utility project cost
million to build, providing
25 megawatts, supplying power
to just 3,000 homes, a sliver of the 4 million-plus accounts served
by the state’s largest electric utility. Overall, the U.S. still
trails other nations in building photovoltaic plants.
NOTE: A 1200 mega
watt solar plant of a larger but similar design would cost only $7.5
billion dollars (vs. $9+billion) and with no worry of nuclear waste.
IN THE NEXT 5 - 10 YEARS...
(long before Bellefonte is
(not Corn) FOR BIO-FUEL while
REVERSING GLOBAL WARMING...
Algae multiplies so quickly and produces so much oxygen per square
foot that ponds with a total surface area five times the size of
Colorado (1994 data) would be enough to start reversing our growing
CO2 problem. Corn nets 81 gallons bio-diesel / acre.
Soy nets 41 gallons / acre. Algae yields as high as
20,000+ gallons / acre. Enough biodiesel to replace all petroleum transportation
fuels could be grown in 9.5 million acres
- far less than the 450 million acres for US crop
farming, and over 500 million acres for farm animal grazing. Approx. $308 billion
would build sufficient algae farms to move the US from
dependence on foreign oil. Thereafter, the operating costs would equate
to $46.2 billion per year
to replace the
$250+ billion we spend yearly on crude
oil from foreign countries. Not counting the annual
the US government spends in defense
of mideast oil. And Algae REVERSES
Global Warming!!! See website:
Solar Power Plant to
sunlight via an orbiting platform and beaming electrical power to
Earth has the potential to supply endless energy, help stave off
climate change and avoid future conflicts over oil, according to a new
study led by the National Security Space Office, Department of
Defense. Former astronaut Buzz Aldrin chairs the spaceflight advocacy
group ShareSpace Foundation. The consensus of 170 collaborating
experts worldwide estimates that in a single year, satellites in a
continuously sunlit orbit could generate an amount of energy nearly
equivalent to the total energy available in global oil reserves.
Mark Hopkins, senior vice president of the National Space Society,
maintains that making this one move could transform the United States
into an energy-exporting nation.
“It is the largest
energy option available to us today…more power potentially than all of
the other power sources combined,”
says Hopkins. For years, technology and cost hurdles stood in the way.
Now Charles Miller, director of Space Frontier Foundation, believes
that with the proper public and private support, the space-based solar
power industry could take off within 10 years.
Ocean currents can power the
world, say scientists...
revolutionary device that can harness
energy from slow-moving rivers
could provide enough power for the entire world, scientists
The technology can generate electricity in water flowing at a rate of
less than one knot, about one mile an hour - meaning it could
operate on most waterways around the globe.
Systems could be sited
on river beds
or suspended in the ocean. The scientists behind the technology, which
has been developed in research funded by the US government, say that
generating power in this way would potentially cost only around
3.5p per kilowatt hour,
compared to about 4.5p for wind energy and between 10p and 31p for
solar power. The technology would require up to 50 times less ocean
acreage than wave power generation….
"If we could harness 0.1 per cent of the energy in the ocean, we could
support the energy needs of 15 billion people." Because the parts only
oscillate slowly, the technology is likely to be less harmful to
aquatic wildlife than dams or water turbines, and there's less
interference with shipping, fishing and tourism.
Kennedy TOUTS NATIONAL SMART ELECTRIC GRID WITH WIND AND SOLAR FOR
100% U.S. ELECTRIC..
Kennedy Jr. at UTC, February 2009,
Wind now is competitive with coal.
With a national
electrical grid in place, there's enough wind in 4 states,
Montana, North Dakota, Wyoming and Texas, to replace all electric
power in America including electric cars (which charge overnight
during off-peak hours). And there's enough sun
coming into the American Southwest to replace all electric power in America
including electric cars. (One "Solar Farm" or "Mirror Farm" in the
desert heats turbines and can equal energy output of a nuclear
U.S. national SMART GRID ($180 billion) to both transport nationally and store
needed, we could totally eliminate COAL and NUCLEAR - plus electric cars
charged overnight from clean electricity created by wind / sun
would have NO CO2 emissions at all) eliminating much of the
current oil usage. Entrepreneurs would
pay for the Wind Farms and Mirror/Sun Farms
IF the U.S. government is smart
enough to see this opportunity and create a national smart
For more Smart Answers - plus ongoing information about
TVA's policies and nuclear activities,
please see BEST member Garry Morgan's amazing blog:
need SMART, SUSTAINABLE and CLEAN Energy Answers placed on line to serve
the citizens of the Tennessee River Valley area with safe, efficient,
Encourage the TVA and your elected
representatives to support Energy Efficiency and true
Sustainable Energy Solutions for our future. Our children and
grandchildren deserve safe,
clean energy, not 30,000-year radioactive poisons.
Efficiency & Sustainability Team
Chapter of BREDL: Blue Ridge Environmental Defense League